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Dimai, HP; Fahrleitner-Pammer, A.
Osteoporosis and Fragility Fractures: currently available pharmacological options and future directions.
Best Pract Res Clin Rheumatol. 2022; 101780 Doi: 10.1016/j.berh.2022.101780
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Führende Autor*innen der Med Uni Graz
Dimai Hans Peter
Co-Autor*innen der Med Uni Graz
Fahrleitner-Pammer Astrid

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Osteoporosis is a systemic skeletal disease characterized by low bone mass and microarchitectural deterioration of bone tissue, with a consequent increase in bone fragility and susceptibility to fracture. The average lifetime risk of a 50-year-old woman to suffer a fracture of the spine, hip, proximal humerus, or distal forearm has been estimated at close to 50%. In general, pharmacological treatment is recommended in patients who suffered a fragility fracture because their risk of suffering a subsequent fracture is increased dramatically. Therefore, many guidelines recommend pharmacological treatment in patients without a prevalent fracture if their fracture probability is comparable to or higher than that of a person of the same age with a prevalent fracture. The present review aims to highlight currently available pharmacological treatment options and their antifracture efficacy including safety aspects. Drug classes discussed comprise bisphosphonates, selective estrogen receptor modulators, parathyroid hormone peptides and derivatives, humanized monoclonal antibodies, and estrogens and gestagens and their combinations. Furthermore, a brief glimpse is provided into a potentially promising treatment option that involves mesenchymal stem cells.

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Fragility fractures
Pharmacological options
Safety aspects
Future directions
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