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SHR Neuro Krebs Kardio Lipid Stoffw Microb

Lenger, M; Dalkner, N; Schwalsberger, K; Hagendorfer, B; Schönthaler, E; Rieger, A; Maget, A; Fellendorf, FT; Hamm, C; Gramer, M; Hufnagl, A; Reininghaus, B; Reininghaus, EZ.
Examining the Autonomic Nervous System in the Relationship among Heart Rate Variability, Stress Coping, and Cognitive Ability in Individuals with Psychiatric Disorders.
J Clin Med. 2022; 11(12): Doi: 10.3390/jcm11123277 [OPEN ACCESS]
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Führende Autor*innen der Med Uni Graz
Dalkner Nina
Lenger Melanie
Co-Autor*innen der Med Uni Graz
Fellendorf Frederike
Hamm Carlo
Maget Alexander
Reininghaus Bernd
Reininghaus Eva
Rieger Alexandra
Schönthaler Elena
Schwalsberger Karin

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Depression is one of the most severe psychiatric disorders and affects patients on emotional, physical, and cognitive levels. Comorbid somatic conditions, such as cardiovascular diseases, are frequent and affect the quality of life, as well as mortality. Underlying maladaptive autonomic nervous system regulation influences emotional and cognitive processes. This study, thus, aimed to investigate the relationship among heart rate variability (HRV), self-reported coping strategies, executive function, and inhibition in individuals with psychiatric disorders. Data of 97 patients treated in a multi-professional psychiatric rehabilitation center for 6 weeks were analyzed. Subjects underwent psychological tests (Stress Coping Style Questionnaire, Emotional Competence Questionnaire, and Becks Depression Inventory-II), a cognitive test (Color-Word Interference Test), and a 24 h electrocardiogram to record HRV. Patients with higher depression scores had significantly lower HRVs and decreased self-reported abilities for stress coping. Depression severity did not affect cognitive inhibitory abilities. HRV was related to neither coping strategies nor cognitive inhibition abilities. However, lower HRV was related to higher values of Negative Stress Coping (β = -0.21, p < 0.05). This relationship was fully mediated by depression severity (-4.79, 95% CI: -8.72, -0.72). HRV is not related to quantitative cognitive inhibition, but to the self-reported ability to cope with negative emotions in individuals with psychiatric disorders.

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
heart rate variability
autonomic nervous system
coping strategies
cognitive inhibition
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