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SHR Neuro Krebs Kardio Lipid Stoffw Microb

Paar, M; Fengler, VH; Rosenberg, DJ; Krebs, A; Stauber, RE; Oettl, K; Hammel, M.
Albumin in patients with liver disease shows an altered conformation.
Commun Biol. 2021; 4(1): 731-731. Doi: 10.1038/s42003-021-02269-w [OPEN ACCESS]
Web of Science PubMed PUBMED Central FullText FullText_MUG


Führende Autor*innen der Med Uni Graz
Fengler Vera
Öttl Karl
Paar Margret
Co-Autor*innen der Med Uni Graz
Krebs Angelika
Stauber Rudolf

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Human serum albumin (HSA) constitutes the primary transporter of fatty acids, bilirubin, and other plasma compounds. The binding, transport, and release of its cargos strongly depend on albumin conformation, which is affected by bound ligands induced by physiological and pathological conditions. HSA is both highly oxidized and heavily loaded with fatty acids and bilirubin in chronic liver disease. By employing small-angle X-ray scattering we show that HSA from the plasma of chronic liver disease patients undergoes a distinct opening compared to healthy donors. The extent of HSA opening correlates with clinically relevant variables, such as the model of end-stage liver disease score, bilirubin, and fatty acid levels. Although the mild oxidation of HSA in vitro does not alter overall structure, the alteration of patients' HSA correlates with its redox state. This study connects clinical data with structural visualization of albumin dynamicity in solution and underlines the functional importance of albumin's inherent flexibility.

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