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Pritišanac, E; Urlesberger, B; Schwaberger, B; Pichler, G.
Accuracy of Pulse Oximetry in the Presence of Fetal Hemoglobin-A Systematic Review.
Children (Basel). 2021; 8(5): Doi: 10.3390/children8050361 [OPEN ACCESS]
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Führende Autor*innen der Med Uni Graz
Pichler Gerhard
Suppan Ena
Co-Autor*innen der Med Uni Graz
Schwaberger Bernhard Christian
Urlesberger Berndt

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Continuous monitoring of arterial oxygen saturation by pulse oximetry (SpO2) is the main method to guide respiratory and oxygen support in neonates during postnatal stabilization and after admission to neonatal intensive care unit. The accuracy of these devices is therefore crucial. The presence of fetal hemoglobin (HbF) in neonatal blood might affect SpO2 readings. We performed a systematic qualitative review to investigate the impact of HbF on SpO2 accuracy in neonates. PubMed/Medline, Embase, Cumulative Index to Nursing & Allied Health database (CINAHL) and Cochrane library databases were searched from inception to January 2021 for human studies in the English language, which compared arterial oxygen saturations (SaO2) from neonatal blood with SpO2 readings and included HbF measurements in their reports. Ten observational studies were included. Eight studies reported SpO2-SaO2 bias that ranged from -3.6%, standard deviation (SD) 2.3%, to +4.2% (SD 2.4). However, it remains unclear to what extent this depends on HbF. Five studies showed that an increase in HbF changes the relation of partial oxygen pressure (paO2) to SpO2, which is physiologically explained by the leftward shift in oxygen dissociation curve. It is important to be aware of this shift when treating a neonate, especially for the lower SpO2 limits in preterm neonates to avoid undetected hypoxia.

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
fetal hemoglobin
oxygen saturation monitoring
pulse oximetry
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