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SHR Neuro Krebs Kardio Lipid Stoffw Microb

Hamm, C; Queissner, R; Pilz, R; Birner, A; Platzer, M; Fellendorf, F; Maget, A; Bengesser, S; Dalkner, N; Reininghaus, B; Reininghaus, E.
[The relationship between intake of lithium and neuroradiological alterations in bipolar disorder. Are there predictors of clinical remission?]
Fortschr Neurol Psychiatr. 2019; 87(9):483-491 Doi: 10.1055/a-0637-1820
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Führende Autor*innen der Med Uni Graz
Hamm Carlo
Co-Autor*innen der Med Uni Graz
Bengesser Susanne
Birner Armin
Dalkner Nina
Fellendorf Frederike
Maget Alexander
Pilz Rene
Platzer Martina
Queissner Robert
Reininghaus Bernd
Reininghaus Eva

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For avoiding affective episodes, patients with bipolar disorders are treated with mood stabilizers. Under that term, the substances lithium, valproic acid, lamotrigine and carbamazepine are included. In the light of upcoming new psychiatric concepts, the use of second generation antipsychotics is also taken into consideration in pharmacological treatment. In this review, the relation between brain structure and the use of lithium in bipolar disorders is examined. Therefore, results from MRI-, DTI-, SPECT-studies assessing this relation, were included.Most of the studies are cross-sectional and examined the effects of lithium. The latter is associated with increased cortical and sub-cortical gray matter volume and ameliorative white matter microstructure. 7-lithium spectroscopy showed a significant difference in brain-lithium concentrations between remitted and non-remitted patients.There are preclinical studies reporting induction of promitotic and antiapoptotic effects by lithium. This literature underpins the hypothesis of lithium-induced neurogenesis. However, osmotic and physical effects of lithium could also explain the demonstrated volume gain in bipolar human brain.Cross-sectional design and small patient groups are typical limitations of numerous studies included in this review.Notably, with the 7-lithium spectroscopy of the central nervous system, new perspectives in clinical research to clarify pharmacokinetic differences between remitted and non-remitted bipolar patients can be established in future. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.
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