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SHR Neuro Krebs Kardio Lipid Stoffw Microb

Kahn, J; Schemmer, P.
Comprehensive Review on Custodiol-N (HTK-N) and its Molecular Side of Action for Organ Preservation.
Curr Pharm Biotechnol. 2017; 18(15):1237-1248 Doi: 10.2174/1389201019666180409165154
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Führende Autor*innen der Med Uni Graz
Kahn Judith
Schemmer Peter

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The later fate of a graft is highly dependent on its initial quality. Aside from that the three predominant phases during transplantation (Tx) organ retrieval, cold static preservation and reperfusion cause in a direct and indirect manner graft injury. There is complex ischemia reperfusion injury (IRI) triggered during the whole process of Tx which contributes to further damage of the graft. The today's organ preservation with commercially available solutions that all have toxic potential per se is still imperfect. Thus, improved preservation solutions are desperately needed to be able to even safely preserve grafts from extended criteria donors which are more susceptible to especially IRI. Most recently, a modified less toxic histidine-tryptophan-ketoglutarate (HTK; Custodiol®) the so called histidine-tryptophan-ketoglutarate-N (HTK-N) for both better cardioplegia and organ preservation for Tx has been developed. It is characterized as an electrolyte balanced, iron chelatorsupplemented, and amino acid-fortified organ preservation solution with replaced buffer ameliorating resistance to injury during the cold static preservation with subsequent IRI. Numerous in vitro and in vivo experiments have shown the superiority of the HTK-N solution in ROS generation, microcirculation, and subsequent inflammatory response compared with HTK. According to data available to date, HTK-N has both lower cytotoxicity and higher protective potential than HTK. First clinical studies on both HTK-N for cardioplegia in cardiac surgery and for organ preservation for transplantation have been performed or are ongoing. In this review, the novelty and composition of HTK-N and studies investigating the potential of this new solution are focussed, after summarizing the most relevant molecular mechanisms of IRI. Copyright© Bentham Science Publishers; For any queries, please email at
Find related publications in this database (using NLM MeSH Indexing)
Animals -
Cryopreservation -
Glucose - pharmacology
Humans -
Iron - metabolism
Mannitol - pharmacology
Mitochondrial Membrane Transport Proteins -
Organ Preservation - methods
Organ Preservation Solutions - pharmacology
Potassium Chloride - pharmacology
Procaine - pharmacology
Reactive Oxygen Species - metabolism
Reperfusion Injury -

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Cold static organ preservation
preservation solution
ischemia reperfusion injury
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