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SHR Neuro Krebs Kardio Lipid Stoffw Microb

Rainer, F; Horvath, A; Sandahl, TD; Leber, B; Schmerboeck, B; Blesl, A; Groselj-Strele, A; Stauber, RE; Fickert, P; Stiegler, P; Møller, HJ; Grønbaek, H; Stadlbauer, V.
Soluble CD163 and soluble mannose receptor predict survival and decompensation in patients with liver cirrhosis, and correlate with gut permeability and bacterial translocation.
Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2018; 47(5):657-664 Doi: 10.1111/apt.14474 [OPEN ACCESS]
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Führende Autor*innen der Med Uni Graz
Rainer Florian
Co-Autor*innen der Med Uni Graz
Blesl Andreas
Fickert Peter
Groselj-Strele Andrea
Horvath Angela
Leber Bettina
Schmerböck Bianca
Stadlbauer-Köllner Vanessa
Stauber Rudolf
Stiegler Philipp

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Activated hepatic macrophages play a key role in inflammation and fibrosis progression in chronic liver disease. To assess the prognostic value of soluble (s)CD163 and mannose receptor (sMR) in cirrhotic patients and explore associations with markers of intestinal permeability (lactulose-mannitol ratio, diamine oxidase), bacterial translocation (endotoxin, lipopolysaccharide-binding protein) and markers of systemic immune activation (interleukin-6, interleukin-8, sCD14). We prospectively investigated 101 cirrhotic patients (Child-Pugh class A: n = 72, Child-Pugh classes B and C: n = 29) and 31 healthy controls. Patients were observed for a median follow-up of 37 months. Median plasma levels of sCD163 and soluble mannose receptor were significantly elevated in cirrhotic patients (P < .001) and increased with disease severity (sCD163 in healthy controls = 1.3, Child-Pugh class A = 4.2, Child-Pugh classes B and C = 8.4 mg/L; sMR in healthy controls = 15.8, Child-Pugh class A = 36.5, Child-Pugh classes B and C = 66.3 μg/dL). A total of 21 patients died during the observation period. Patients with sCD163 levels above 5.9 mg/L showed significantly reduced survival (survival rate after 36 months: 71% versus 98%, P < .001). Patients with soluble mannose receptor levels above 45.5 μg/dL developed significantly more complications of cirrhosis within 12 months (73% versus 9%, P < .001). Furthermore, both variables correlated with the lactulose-mannitol ratio, diamine oxidase, lipopolysaccharide and interleukin-8. Our data demonstrate the prognostic value of sCD163 in predicting long-term survival in patients with liver cirrhosis and identify soluble mannose receptor as a prognostic marker for occurrence of cirrhosis-associated complications. The correlation between gut barrier dysfunction and activation of macrophages points towards a link between them. © 2017 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

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