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SHR Neuro Krebs Kardio Lipid Stoffw Microb

Bengesser, SA; Lackner, N; Birner, A; Platzer, M; Fellendorf, FT; Queissner, R; Filic, K; Reininghaus, B; Wallner-Liebmann, SJ; Mangge, H; Zelzer, S; Fuchs, D; Kapfhammer, HP; McIntyre, RS; Reininghaus, EZ.
Mood Stabilizers, Oxidative Stress and Antioxidative Defense in Euthymia of Bipolar Disorder.
CNS Neurol Disord Drug Targets. 2016; 15(4):381-389 Doi: 10.2174/1871527315666160321104059
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Führende Autor*innen der Med Uni Graz
Bengesser Susanne
Dalkner Nina
Co-Autor*innen der Med Uni Graz
Birner Armin
Fellendorf Frederike
Holasek Sandra Johanna
Kapfhammer Hans-Peter
Mangge Harald
Platzer Martina
Queissner Robert
Reininghaus Bernd
Reininghaus Eva
Zelzer Sieglinde

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Hitherto literature indicates that mood stabilizers exert variable effects on oxidative and antioxidative systems, which are involved in the pathogenesis of Bipolar Disorder. Herein we primarily sought to characterize markers of peripheral oxidative stress during euthymia in adults with Bipolar Disorder under current intake of different mood stabilizers (lithium, anticonvulsants and atypical antipsychotics/AAPs). Peripheral oxidative stress parameters (TBARS/Thiobarbituric acid-reactive-substances, MDA/ malondialdehyde and carbonyl proteins) and antioxidative markers (SOD/Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase, GST/glutathione Stransferase and TAC/total antioxidative capacity) were measured in serum of 115 euthymic bipolar individuals (50 females, 65 males; HAMD<11 and YMRS<8). Differences in (anti)oxidative markers between bipolar participants treated with different mood stabilizing medication were tested with MANCOVAS and ANCOVAS with SPSS.21. Bipolar individuals taking lithium had significantly lower oxidative parameters than test persons without lithium (multivariate effect for MDA and TBARS: F(2/182)= 3.956, p= 0.021; univariate effect for MDA: F(2/182)= 7.880, p= 0.006, Partial η2= 0.041). Subjects with AAPs had significantly higher MDA and TBARS levels compared to participants without AAPs (multivariate effect F(2/182)= 3.122, p= 0.046, Partial η2= 0.033). Patients taking anticonvulsants had significantly lower GST levels than patients without antiepileptic medication (F(1/165)= 4.501, p= 0.035, Partial η2= 0.027). Lithium taking participants had the lowest MDA and TBARS levels, while AAP taking test persons had high oxidative stress markers. The observed effects on oxidative markers may provide a mechanistic basis for understanding lithium's neuroprotective effects.
Find related publications in this database (using NLM MeSH Indexing)
Adult -
Analysis of Variance -
Anticonvulsants - therapeutic use
Antioxidants - therapeutic use
Antipsychotic Agents - therapeutic use
Austria -
Bipolar Disorder - drug therapy
Bipolar Disorder - physiopathology
Female -
Humans -
Lithium Chloride - pharmacology
Male -
Middle Aged -
Oxidative Stress - drug effects
Reactive Oxygen Species - metabolism
Treatment Outcome -

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Oxidative stress
antioxidative parameters
carbonyl proteins
glutathione S-transferase
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