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SHR Neuro Krebs Kardio Lipid

Majali-Martinez, A; Hiden, U; Ghaffari-Tabrizi-Wizsy, N; Lang, U; Desoye, G; Dieber-Rotheneder, M.
Placental membrane-type metalloproteinases (MT-MMPs): Key players in pregnancy.
Cell Adh Migr. 2016; 10(1-2):136-146 [OPEN ACCESS]
Web of Science PubMed PUBMED Central FullText FullText_MUG

 

Autor/innen der Med Uni Graz:
Desoye Gernot
Dieber-Rotheneder Martina
Ghaffari Tabrizi-Wizsy Nassim
Hiden Ursula
Lang Uwe
Majali Martinez Alejandro
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Number of Figures: 2
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Abstract:
Membrane-type matrix metalloproteinases (MT-MMPs) are a sub-family of zinc-dependent endopeptidases involved in the degradation of the extracellular matrix. Although MT-MMPs have been mainly characterized in tumor biology, they also play a relevant role during pregnancy. Placental MT-MMPs are required for cytotrophoblast migration and invasion of the uterine wall and in the remodeling of the spiral arteries. They are involved in the fusion of cytotrophoblasts to form the syncytiotrophoblast as well as in angiogenesis. All these processes are crucial for establishing and maintaining a successful pregnancy and, thus, MT-MMP activity has to be tightly regulated in time and space. Indeed, a de-regulation of MT-MMP expression has been linked with pregnancy complications such as preeclampsia (PE), fetal growth restriction (FGR), gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and was also found in maternal obesity. Here we review what is currently known about MT-MMPs in the placenta, with a focus on their general features, their localization and their involvement in pregnancy disorders.

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
extracellular matrix
fetal growth restriction
MT-MMP
preeclampsia
trophoblast
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