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SHR Neuro Krebs Kardio Lipid Stoffw Microb

Prattes, J; Flick, H; Prüller, F; Koidl, C; Raggam, RB; Palfner, M; Eigl, S; Buzina, W; Zollner-Schwetz, I; Thornton, CR; Krause, R; Hoenigl, M.
Novel tests for diagnosis of invasive aspergillosis in patients with underlying respiratory diseases.
Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2014; 190(8):922-929 Doi: 10.1164/rccm.201407-1275OC [OPEN ACCESS]
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Führende Autor*innen der Med Uni Graz
Hönigl Martin
Prattes Jürgen
Co-Autor*innen der Med Uni Graz
Buzina Walter
Eigl Susanne
Flick Holger
Koidl Christoph
Krause Robert
Palfner Michael
Prüller Florian
Raggam Reinhard Bernd
Zollner-Schwetz Ines

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Invasive pulmonary aspergillosis has been increasingly reported in nonneutropenic patients, including those with underlying respiratory diseases. We compared the diagnostic performances of galactomannan, 1,3-β-D-glucan, and Aspergillus-specific lateral-flow device tests with that of conventional culture by using bronchoalveolar lavage fluid samples from patients with underlying respiratory diseases. We analyzed 268 bronchoalveolar lavage samples from 221 patients with underlying respiratory diseases (and without hematologic malignancy or previous solid organ transplantation) that were collected for routine microbiological workup between February 2012 and May 2014 at the University Hospital of Graz, Austria. Invasive pulmonary aspergillosis was defined according to European Organization of Research and Treatment of Cancer/Mycoses Study Group criteria modified for patients with respiratory diseases. Thirty-one patients (14%) had probable or proven, 25 possible, and the remaining 165 patients no invasive pulmonary aspergillosis. Probable/proven aspergillosis was associated with a significantly higher (P = 0.034) 30-day mortality rate of 32%. Sensitivities, specificities, and diagnostic odd ratios differed markedly between galactomannan (cut-off 0.5: optical density index, 0.97, 0.81, 124.4; cut-off 1.0: 0.97, 0.93, 422.1; cut-off 3.0: 0.61, 0.99, 109.8), β-D-glucan (cut-off 80 pg/ml: 0.90, 0.42, 6.57; cut-off 200 pg/ml: 0.70, 0.61, 3.7), lateral-flow device tests (0.77, 0.92, 41.8), and mycological culture (0.29, 0.97, 14). Probable or proven invasive pulmonary aspergillosis was diagnosed in 14% of our study population and associated with significantly higher 30-day mortality rates. Although the performance of β-D-glucan was limited by low specificity and that of mycological culture by low sensitivity, the Aspergillus lateral-flow device seems to be a promising alternative to galactomannan testing, which remains the diagnostic gold standard for aspergillosis. Clinical trial registered with (NCT 02058316).
Find related publications in this database (using NLM MeSH Indexing)
Adolescent -
Adult -
Aged -
Aged, 80 and over -
Antibodies, Monoclonal -
Antigens, Fungal - analysis
Aspergillus - immunology
Aspergillus - isolation & purification
Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid - microbiology
Cell Culture Techniques -
Female -
Humans -
Invasive Pulmonary Aspergillosis - complications
Invasive Pulmonary Aspergillosis - diagnosis
Invasive Pulmonary Aspergillosis - microbiology
Male -
Mannans -
Middle Aged -
Point-of-Care Systems -
Prospective Studies -
Respiratory Tract Diseases - complications
Retrospective Studies -
Sensitivity and Specificity -
Young Adult -
beta-Glucans -

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Aspergillus lateral-flow device test
mycological culture
bronchoalveolar lavage
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