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Langsenlehner, U; Hofmann, G; Renner, W; Gerger, A; Krenn-Pilko, S; Thurner, EM; Krippl, P; Langsenlehner, T.
Association of vascular endothelial growth factor - A gene polymorphisms and haplotypes with breast cancer metastases.
Acta Oncol. 2015; 54(3): 368-376. Doi: 10.3109/0284186X.2014.948056 [OPEN ACCESS]
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Führende Autor*innen der Med Uni Graz
Langsenlehner Tanja
Langsenlehner Uwe
Co-Autor*innen der Med Uni Graz
Gerger Armin
Hofmann Guenter
Krenn-Pilko Sabine
Krippl Peter
Renner Wilfried
Thurner Eva-Maria

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Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF-A) is a key regulator of tumor-induced angiogenesis and essential for tumor growth and distant tumor spread. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the role of VEGF-A polymorphisms and haplotypes for metastatic progression in breast cancer patients. We performed a prospective study including 801 breast cancer patients. Occurrence of metastases was examined in regular follow-up investigations. Seven VEGF-A polymorphisms were selected and determined by 5'-nuclease assays (TaqMan). The selection of VEGF-A variants was based upon their location (promoter or UTR) as well as a minor allele frequency of at least 0.10. Haplotypes and linkage disequilibrium were determined using the Haploview program. Within a median follow-up time of 84 months, 165 (21%) patients developed distant metastases. In univariate analysis, carriers of the CCCCC haplotype formed by five polymorphisms upstream the coding region were at decreased risk of distant metastases [hazard ratio (HR)=0.743; 95% CI 0.579-0.953; p=0.019]. Univariate analysis also revealed a decreased risk of distant metastases for postmenopausal patients carrying the -634G>C polymorphism (HR 0.704; 95% CI 0.514-0.965; p=0.029) and the CCCCC haplotype (HR=0.645; 95% CI 0.464-0.898; p=0.009). After adjustment for other co-variates, the HR for distant metastases was 0.651 (95% CI 0.447-0.948) for postmenopausal carriers of the -634G>C polymorphism (p=0.025; corrected p-value=0.262), and 0.586 (95% CI 0.393-0.873) for postmenopausal patients with the CCCCC haplotype (p=0.009, corrected p-value=0.189). The results from univariate and multivariate analyses suggest an influence of VEGF-A gene variants on the development of distant metastases in breast cancer patients. However, none of the observed associations reached statistical significance after correction for the effects of multiple testing. Additional prospective and sufficiently powered studies are essential before firm conclusions about the role of VEGF-A gene variants for distant progression in breast cancer can be drawn.

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