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Matzer, F; Nagele, E; Bahadori, B; Dam, K; Fazekas, C.
Stress-relieving effects of short-term balneotherapy - a randomized controlled pilot study in healthy adults.
Forsch Komplementmed. 2014; 21(2):105-110 Doi: 10.1159/000360966
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Führende Autor*innen der Med Uni Graz
Matzer Franziska
Co-Autor*innen der Med Uni Graz
Fazekas Christian
Nagele Eva Helene

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Stress-relieving effects of balneotherapy compared to progressive muscle relaxation (PMR) and to resting were investigated by measuring subjective relaxation and salivary cortisol. It was also examined whether participants with a high versus low stress level would have a different relaxation response. A sample of healthy volunteers was randomized to balneotherapy, PMR, or a resting control group, each intervention lasting for 25 min. Pre- and post-intervention salivary cortisol samples were collected, and participants rated their status of relaxation on a quantitative scale. In addition, 3 questionnaires were applied to detect participants' stress level and bodily complaints. 49 healthy participants were recruited (65.3% female). In a pre-post comparison, salivary cortisol decreased (F = 23.53, p < 0.001) and subjective relaxation ratings increased (F = 132.18, p < 0.001) in all 3 groups. Study participants in the balneotherapy group rated themselves as more relaxed after the intervention as compared to the other groups (F = 5.22, p < 0.009). Participants with a high versus low stress level differed in somatic symptoms and in morning cortisol levels, but showed a similar relaxation response. Findings suggest that compared to PMR and resting, balneotherapy seems to be more beneficial with regard to subjective relaxation effects and similarly beneficial with regard to a decrease in salivary cortisol. © 2014 S. Karger GmbH, Freiburg.
Find related publications in this database (using NLM MeSH Indexing)
Adult -
Arousal - physiology
Balneology - methods
Female -
Humans -
Hydrocortisone - blood
Male -
Middle Aged -
Muscle Relaxation - physiology
Pilot Projects -
Relaxation Therapy -
Saliva - chemistry
Stress, Psychological - physiopathology
Stress, Psychological - therapy
Surveys and Questionnaires -

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Salivary cortisol
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