Medizinische Universität Graz Austria/Österreich - Forschungsportal - Medical University of Graz

Logo MUG-Forschungsportal

Gewählte Publikation:

SHR Neuro Krebs Kardio Lipid

Breschan, C; Jost, R; Stettner, H; Feigl, G; Semmelrock, S; Graf, G; Likar, R.
Ultrasound-guided rectus sheath block for pyloromyotomy in infants: a retrospective analysis of a case series.
Paediatr Anaesth. 2013; 23(12):1199-1204
Web of Science PubMed FullText FullText_MUG


Autor/innen der Med Uni Graz:
Breschan Christian
Feigl Georg

Dimensions Citations:

Plum Analytics:
To analyze the applicability of US-guided rectus sheath block and to find out the efficacy of analgesia provided using this method without the need for opioids in conventional Hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (HPS) surgery in infants. This study describes the provision of intra- as well as postoperative analgesia by the use of an ultrasound-guided rectus sheath block in infants undergoing conventional HPS surgery under general anesthesia. The anesthetic protocols of 26 infants undergoing HPS surgery were reviewed retrospectively. The weight of the infants ranged from 2.6 to 4.6 kg. The rectus sheath block was regarded as successful in all patients as there was no heart rate increase upon surgical skin incision in any of the patients. Two out of 26 (7.6%) babies needed additional intraoperative rescue analgesia and were administered fentanyl at 20 and 40 min after skin incision. Two more (a total of 4; 15.3%) babies required postoperative analgesia and were administered tramadol droplets and liquid ibuprofen at 15, 120 and 150 min postoperatively. Duration of surgery was significantly longer in those two patients who required intraoperative rescue analgesia (Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney test: P < 0.05). These were also the only two patients who received one intra- and one postoperative dose of opioid each (7.6%). US-guided rectus sheath block seems to be a simple and quick method for the provision of intra- and postoperative analgesia in infants undergoing conventional HPS surgery. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
Find related publications in this database (using NLM MeSH Indexing)
Analgesics, Opioid - therapeutic use
Anesthesia, General -
Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal - therapeutic use
Female -
Fentanyl - therapeutic use
Heart Rate - drug effects
Humans -
Ibuprofen - therapeutic use
Infant -
Infant, Newborn -
Male -
Nerve Block - methods
Pain, Postoperative - drug therapy
Postoperative Care -
Postoperative Complications - epidemiology
Preoperative Care -
Prospective Studies -
Pyloric Stenosis, Hypertrophic - surgery
Tramadol - therapeutic use
Ultrasonography, Interventional - methods

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
hypertrophic pyloric stenosis
ultrasound-guided rectus sheath block
© Meduni Graz Impressum