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SHR Neuro Krebs Kardio Lipid Stoffw Microb

Tappero, S; Barletta, F; Piccinelli, ML; Cano, Garcia, C; Incesu, RB; Morra, S; Scheipner, L; Tian, Z; Parodi, S; Dell'Oglio, P; Palumbo, C; Briganti, A; De, Cobelli, O; Chun, FKH; Graefen, M; Longo, N; Ahyai, S; Saad, F; Shariat, SF; Suardi, N; Borghesi, M; Terrone, C; Karakiewicz, PI.
The Association Between Cytoreductive Nephrectomy and Overall Survival in Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma with Primary Tumor Size ≤4 cm.
Eur Urol Focus. 2023; Doi: 10.1016/j.euf.2023.02.010
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Co-Autor*innen der Med Uni Graz
Ahyai Sascha
Scheipner Lukas

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BACKGROUND: It is unknown whether the survival benefit of cytoreductive nephrectomy (CN) in metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) applies to patients with primary tumor size ≤4 cm. OBJECTIVE: To test the association between CN on overall survival (OS) of mRCC patients with primary tumor size ≤4 cm. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Within the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database (2006-2018), all mRCC patients with primary tumor size ≤4 cm were identified. OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS AND STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: Propensity score matching (PSM), Kaplan-Meier plots, multivariable Cox regression analyses, and 6-mo landmark analyses addressed OS according to CN status. Sensitivity analyses examined specific populations of special interest: systemic therapy exposed versus naïve, clear-cell (ccmRCC) versus non-clear-cell (non-ccmRCC) mRCC histology, historical (2006-2012) versus contemporary (2013-2018), and young (≤65 yr) versus old (>65 yr) patients. RESULTS AND LIMITATIONS: Of 814 patients, 387 (48%) underwent CN. After PSM, the median OS was 44 versus 7 mo (Δ = 37 mo; p < 0.001) in CN versus no-CN patients. CN was associated with higher OS in overall population (multivariable hazard ratio [HR]: 0.30; p < 0.001) as well as in landmark analyses (HR: 0.39; p < 0.001). In all sensitivity analyses, CN was independently associated with higher OS: systemic therapy exposed, HR: 0.38; systemic therapy naïve, HR: 0.31; ccmRCC, HR: 0.29; non-ccmRCC, HR: 0.37; historical, HR: 0.31; contemporary, HR: 0.30; young, HR: 0.23; and old, HR: 0.39 (all p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The current study validates the association between CN and higher OS in patients with primary tumor size ≤4 cm. This association is robust, controlled for immortal time bias, and valid across systemic treatment exposure, histologic subtypes, years of surgery, and patient age. PATIENT SUMMARY: In the current study, we tested the association between cytoreductive nephrectomy (CN) and overall survival in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma and small primary tumor size. We found a strong association between CN and survival, which persists even after several significant variations in patient and tumor characteristics.

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