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Moik, F; Zöchbauer-Müller, S; Posch, F; Pabinger, I; Ay, C.
Systemic Inflammation and Activation of Haemostasis Predict Poor Prognosis and Response to Chemotherapy in Patients with Advanced Lung Cancer.
Cancers (Basel). 2020; 12(6): [OPEN ACCESS]
PubMed PUBMED Central FullText FullText_MUG


Autor/innen der Med Uni Graz:
Posch Florian

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Number of Figures: 4
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Systemic inflammation and activation of haemostasis are common in patients with lung cancer. Both conditions support tumour growth and metastasis. Therefore, inflammatory and haemostatic biomarkers might be useful for prediction of survival and therapy response. Patients with unresectable/metastatic lung cancer initiating 1st-line chemotherapy (n = 277, 83% non-small cell lung cancer) were followed in a prospective observational cohort study. A comprehensive panel of haemostatic biomarkers (D-dimer, prothrombin fragment 1+2, soluble P-selectin, fibrinogen, coagulation factor VIII, peak thrombin generation), blood count parameters (haemoglobin, leucocytes, thrombocytes) and inflammatory markers (neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio, lymphocyte-monocyte ratio, platelet-lymphocyte ratio, C-reactive protein) were measured at baseline. We assessed the association of biomarkers with mortality, progression-free-survival (PFS) and disease-control-rate (DCR). A biomarker-based prognostic model was derived. Selected inflammatory and haemostatic biomarkers were strong and independent predictors of mortality and therapy response. The strongest predictors (D-dimer, LMR, CRP) were incorporated in a unified biomarker-based prognostic model (1-year overall-survival (OS) by risk-quartiles: 79%, 69%, 51%, 24%; 2-year-OS: 53%, 36%, 23%, 8%; log-rank p < 0.001). The biomarker-based model further predicted shorter PFS and lower DCR. In conclusion, inflammatory and haemostatic biomarkers predict poor prognosis and treatment-response in patients with advanced lung cancer. A biomarker-based prognostic score efficiently predicts mortality and disease progression beyond clinical characteristics.

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