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SHR Neuro Krebs Kardio Lipid

Golob-Schwarzl, N; Wodlej, C; Kleinegger, F; Gogg-Kamerer, M; Birkl-Toeglhofer, AM; Petzold, J; Aigelsreiter, A; Thalhammer, M; Park, YN; Haybaeck, J.
Eukaryotic translation initiation factor 6 overexpression plays a major role in the translational control of gallbladder cancer.
J Cancer Res Clin Oncol. 2019; 145(11): 2699-2711. [OPEN ACCESS]
Web of Science PubMed PUBMED Central FullText FullText_MUG

 

Autor/innen der Med Uni Graz:
Aigelsreiter Ariane
Birkl-Töglhofer Anna Maria
Gogg-Kamerer Margit
Golob-Schwarzl Nicole
Haybäck Johannes
Kleinegger Florian
Skofler Christina
Thalhammer Michael
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Abstract:
Gallbladder cancer (GBC) is a rare neoplasia of the biliary tract with high mortality rates and poor prognosis. Signs and symptoms of GBC are not specific and often arise at late stage of disease. For this reason, diagnosis is typically made when the cancer is already in advanced stages, and prognosis for survival is less than 5 years in 90% of cases. Biomarkers to monitor disease progression and novel therapeutic alternative targets for these tumors are strongly required. Commonly, dysregulated protein synthesis contributes to carcinogenesis and cancer progression. In this case, protein synthesis directs translation of specific mRNAs, and, in turn, promotes cell survival, invasion, angiogenesis, and metastasis of tumors. In eukaryotes, protein synthesis is regulated at its initiation, which is a rate-limiting step involving eukaryotic translation initiation factors (eIFs). We hypothesize that eIFs represent crossroads in the development of GBC, and might serve as potential biomarkers. The study focus was the role of eIF6 (an anti-association factor for the ribosomal subunits) in GBC. In human GBC samples, the expression of eIF6 was analyzed biochemically at the protein (immunohistochemistry, immunoblot analyses) and mRNA levels (qRT-PCR). High levels of eIF6 correlated with shorter overall survival in biliary tract cancer (BTC) patients (n = 28). Immunohistochemical data from tissue microarrays (n = 114) demonstrated significantly higher expression levels of eIF6 in GBC compared to non-neoplastic tissue. Higher eIF6 expression on protein (immunoblot) and mRNA (qRT-PCR) level was confirmed by analyzing fresh frozen GBC patient samples (n = 14). Depletion of eIF6 (using specific siRNA-mediated knockdown) in Mz-ChA-2 and TFK-1 cell lines inhibited cell proliferation and induced apoptosis. Our data indicates that eIF6 overexpression plays a major role in the translational control of GBC, and indicates its potential as a new biomarker and therapeutic target in GBC.
Find related publications in this database (using NLM MeSH Indexing)
Aged -
Apoptosis -
Cell Proliferation -
Eukaryotic Initiation Factors - genetics
Eukaryotic Initiation Factors - metabolism
Female -
Gallbladder Neoplasms - genetics
Gallbladder Neoplasms - metabolism
Gallbladder Neoplasms - pathology
Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic -
Humans -
Male -
Prognosis -
Tumor Cells, Cultured -

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Gallbladder cancer
Eukaryotic translation initiation factor 6
Biomarker
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