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SHR Neuro Krebs Kardio Lipid

Hofving, T; Arvidsson, Y; Almobarak, B; Inge, L; Pfragner, R; Persson, M; Stenman, G; Kristiansson, E; Johanson, V; Nilsson, O.
The neuroendocrine phenotype, genomic profile and therapeutic sensitivity of GEPNET cell lines.
ENDOCR-RELAT CANCER. 2018; 25(3): 367-380. [OPEN ACCESS]
Web of Science PubMed PUBMED Central FullText FullText_MUG

 

Autor/innen der Med Uni Graz:
Pfragner Roswitha
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Number of Figures: 6
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Abstract:
Experimental models of neuroendocrine tumour disease are scarce, and no comprehensive characterisation of existing gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumour (GEPNET) cell lines has been reported. In this study, we aimed to define the molecular characteristics and therapeutic sensitivity of these cell lines. We therefore performed immunophenotyping, copy number profiling, whole-exome sequencing and a large-scale inhibitor screening of seven GEPNET cell lines. Four cell lines, GOT1, P-STS, BON-1 and QGP-1, displayed a neuroendocrine phenotype while three others, KRJ-I, L-STS and H-STS, did not. Instead, these three cell lines were identified as lymphoblastoid. Characterisation of remaining authentic GEPNET cell lines by copy number profiling showed that GOT1, among other chromosomal alterations, harboured losses on chromosome 18 encompassing theSMAD4gene, while P-STS had a loss on 11q. BON-1 had a homozygous loss ofCDKN2AandCDKN2B, and QGP-1 harboured amplifications ofMDM2andHMGA2Whole-exome sequencing revealed both disease-characteristic mutations (e.g.ATRXmutation in QGP-1) and, for patient tumours, rare genetic events (e.g.TP53mutation in P-STS, BON-1 and QGP-1). A large-scale inhibitor screening showed that cell lines from pancreatic NETs to a greater extent, when compared to small intestinal NETs, were sensitive to inhibitors of MEK. Similarly, neuroendocrine NET cells originating from the small intestine were considerably more sensitive to a group of HDAC inhibitors. Taken together, our results provide a comprehensive characterisation of GEPNET cell lines, demonstrate their relevance as neuroendocrine tumour models and explore their therapeutic sensitivity to a broad range of inhibitors. © 2018 The authors.

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
neuroendocrine tumour
GEPNET
immunophenotyping
copy number alterations
exome sequencing
inhibitor screening
cell lines
vorinostat
trametinib
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