Medizinische Universität Graz Austria/Österreich - Forschungsportal - Medical University of Graz

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SHR Neuro Krebs Kardio Lipid

Auer, T; De Zordo, T; Dejaco, C; Gruber, L; Pichler, R; Jaschke, W; Dogra, VS; Aigner, F.
Value of Multiparametric US in the Assessment of Intratesticular Lesions
RADIOLOGY. 2017; 285(2): 640-649.
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Autor/innen der Med Uni Graz:
Dejaco Christian

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Purpose: To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of multiparametric ultrasonography (US) consisting of gray-scale US, color Doppler US, strain elastography, and contrast agent-enhanced US in the assessment of intratesticular lesions. Materials and Methods: Institutional review board approval was obtained for this retrospective study. From January 2012 to December 2015, 55 focal testicular lesions that were indeterminate on gray-scale US scans were further characterized with color Doppler US, strain elastography, and contrast-enhanced US. Strain elastography was performed to assess tissue elasticity, and hard lesions were defined as malignant. Color Doppler US and contrast-enhanced US were performed to determine the absence or presence of vascularization. Avascular lesions were defined as benign. Histopathologic results or follow-up examinations served as reference standards. Correct classification rate, sensitivity, specificity, and likelihood ratio were calculated. Results: Of 55 testicular lesions, 43 (78.2%) were benign and 12 (21.8%) were malignant. Single-modality sensitivities and specificities were 66.7% and 88.4% for color Doppler US, 100% and 76.7% for contrast-enhanced US, and 100% and 72.1% for strain elastography, respectively. Among 12 malignant lesions, color Doppler US failed to demonstrate vascularization in four (33.3%) lesions, which were positive for cancer at contrast-enhanced US. By combining strain elastography and contrast-enhanced US, a sensitivity of 100% and specificity of 93.0% were achieved in differentiating benign and malignant focal testicular lesions. Positive likelihood ratio was 5.7 for color Doppler US, 4.3 for contrast-enhanced US, 3.6 for strain elastography, 14.3 for strain elastography combined with color Doppler US, and 14.3 for strain elastography combined with contrast-enhanced US. Conclusion: Multiparametric US allows for a reliable differentiation of benign and malignant intratesticular lesions and can potentially be useful in deciding whether orchiectomy can be replaced with follow-up or less invasive organ-sparing strategies.

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