Medizinische Universität Graz Austria/Österreich - Forschungsportal - Medical University of Graz

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SHR Neuro Krebs Kardio Lipid Stoffw Microb

Wagner, C; Hois, V; Eggeling, A; Pusch, LM; Pajed, L; Starlinger, P; Claudel, T; Trauner, M; Zimmermann, R; Taschler, U; Lass, A.
KIAA1363 affects retinyl ester turnover in cultured murine and human hepatic stellate cells.
J Lipid Res. 2022; 100173 Doi: 10.1016/j.jlr.2022.100173 [OPEN ACCESS]
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Co-Autor*innen der Med Uni Graz
Hois Victoria

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Large quantities of vitamin A are stored as retinyl esters (REs) in specialized liver cells, the hepatic stellate cells (HSCs). To date, the enzymes controlling RE degradation in HSCs are poorly understood. In this study, we identified KIAA1363 (also annotated as arylacetamide deacetylase 1 or neutral cholesterol ester hydrolase 1) as a novel RE hydrolase. We show that KIAA1363 is expressed in the liver, mainly in HSCs, and exhibits RE hydrolase activity at neutral pH. Accordingly, addition of the KIAA1363-specific inhibitor JW480 largely reduced RE hydrolase activity in lysates of cultured murine and human HSCs. Furthermore, cell fractionation experiments and confocal microscopy studies showed that KIAA1363 localizes to the endoplasmic reticulum. We demonstrate that overexpression of KIAA1363 in cells led to lower cellular RE content after a retinol loading period. Conversely, pharmacological inhibition or shRNA-mediated silencing of KIAA1363 expression in cultured murine and human HSCs attenuated RE degradation. Together, our data suggest that KIAA1363 affects vitamin A metabolism of HSCs by hydrolyzing REs at the endoplasmic reticulum, thereby counteracting retinol esterification and RE storage in lipid droplets.

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
retinyl ester hydrolase
vitamin A
hepatic stellate cells
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