Medizinische Universität Graz Austria/Österreich - Forschungsportal - Medical University of Graz

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SHR Neuro Krebs Kardio Lipid Stoffw Microb

Mathis, T; Poms, M; Kofeler, H; Gautschi, M; Plecko, B; Baumgartner, MR; Hochuli, M.
Untargeted plasma metabolomics identifies broad metabolic perturbations in glycogen storage disease type I
J INHERIT METAB DIS. 2021; Doi: 10.1002/jimd.12451 [OPEN ACCESS]
Web of Science PubMed PUBMED Central FullText FullText_MUG


Co-Autor*innen der Med Uni Graz
Köfeler Harald
Plecko Barbara

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Background The metabolic defect in glycogen storage disease type I (GSDI) results in fasting hypoglycemia and typical secondary metabolic abnormalities (eg, hypertriglyceridemia, hyperlactatemia, hyperuricemia). The aim of this study was to assess further perturbations of the metabolic network in GSDI patients under ongoing treatment. Methods In this prospective observational study, plasma samples of 14 adult patients (11 GSDIa, 3 GSDIb. Mean age 26.4 years, range 16-46 years) on standard treatment were compared to a cohort of 31 healthy controls utilizing ultra-high performance liquid chromatography (UHPLC) in combination with high resolution tandem mass spectrometry (HR-MS/MS) and subsequent statistical multivariate analysis. In addition, plasma fatty acid profiling was performed by GC/EI-MS. Results The metabolomic profile showed alterations of metabolites in different areas of the metabolic network in both GSD subtypes, including pathways of fuel metabolism and energy generation, lipids and fatty acids, amino acid and methyl-group metabolism, the urea cycle, and purine/pyrimidine metabolism. These alterations were present despite adequate dietary treatment, did not correlate with plasma triglycerides or lactate, both parameters typically used to assess the quality of metabolic control in clinical practice, and were not related to the presence or absence of complications (ie, nephropathy or liver adenomas). Conclusion The metabolic defect of GSDI has profound effects on a variety of metabolic pathways in addition to the known typical abnormalities. These alterations are present despite optimized dietary treatment, which may contribute to the risk of developing long-term complications, an inherent problem of GSDI which appears to be only partly modified by current therapy.

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
glycogen storage disorder
metabolic disturbances
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