Medizinische Universität Graz Austria/Österreich - Forschungsportal - Medical University of Graz

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SHR Neuro Krebs Kardio Lipid Stoffw Microb

Smolle, MA; Fischerauer, SF; Zötsch, S; Kiegerl, AV; Sadoghi, P; Gruber, G; Leithner, A; Bernhardt, GA.
Long-term outcomes of surgery using the Ligament Advanced Reinforcement System as treatment for anterior cruciate ligament tears.
Bone Joint J. 2022; 104-B(2): 242-248. Doi: 10.1302/0301-620X.104B2.BJJ-2021-0798.R2
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Führende Autor*innen der Med Uni Graz
Fischerauer Stefan Franz
Smolle Maria Anna
Co-Autor*innen der Med Uni Graz
Bernhardt Gerwin
Gruber Gerald
Leithner Andreas
Sadoghi Patrick
Zötsch Silvia Hildegard

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AIMS: The aim of this prospective study was to assess the long-term clinical, radiological, functional, and quality of life (QoL)-related outcome of patients treated with the synthetic Ligament Advanced Reinforcement System (LARS) device for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture. METHODS: A total of 41 patients who underwent ACL reconstruction with the LARS device (mean age 39.8 years (SD 12.1 ); 32% females (n = 13)) were prospectively included between August 2001 and March 2005. MRI scans and radiographs were performed at a median follow-up of 2.0 years (interquartile range (IQR) 1.3 to 3.0; n = 40) and 12.8 years (IQR 12.1 to 13.8; n = 22). Functional and QoL-related outcome was assessed in 29 patients at a median follow-up of 12.8 years (IQR 12.0 to 14.0) and clinically reconfirmed at latest median follow-up of 16.5 years (IQR 15.5 to 17.9). International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) and Tegner scores were obtained pre- and postoperatively, and Lysholm score postoperatively only. At latest follow-up, range of motion, knee stability tests, 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36), and IKDC scores were ascertained. Complications and reoperations during follow-up were documented. RESULTS: Cumulative complication rate was 66% (n = 27), with 11 developing within one year from surgery and 16 after one year (including five patients with both early and late complications). Ten graft failures (24%) and eight cases of reactive synovitis were observed (20%). All 11 patients with early complications and ten with late complications underwent reoperation (including five with another surgical procedure for early complications), amounting to a cumulative reoperation rate of 51% (n = 21). Revision ACL reconstruction was performed in one patient (2.4%). Median IKDC at latest follow-up was 89.7 (IQR 78.2 to 93.1), being significantly worse in the event of previous complications. Lachman test was positive in 56% (n = 15) of reconstructed knees. All norm-based SF-36 items were at or above median at latest follow-up, and did not differ depending on development of complications. CONCLUSION: Despite good functional and QoL-related results in the long term, the cumulative complication rate of 66%, including graft failures and reactive synovitis, has to be viewed with great concern. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2022;104-B(2):242-248.

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