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Yang, J; Litscher, G; Sun, Z; Tang, Q; Kishi, K; Oda, S; Takayanagi, M; Sheng, Z; Liu, Y; Guo, W; Zhang, T; Wang, L; Gaischek, I; Litscher, D; Lippe, IT; Kuroda, M.
Quantitative analysis of axon collaterals of single pyramidal cells of the anterior piriform cortex of the guinea pig.
BMC Neurosci. 2017; 18(1):25-25 Doi: 10.1186/s12868-017-0342-7 [OPEN ACCESS]
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Führende Autor*innen der Med Uni Graz
Litscher Gerhard
Co-Autor*innen der Med Uni Graz
Gaischek Ingrid
Lippe Irmgard
Litscher Daniela
Wang Lu

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The role of the piriform cortex (PC) in olfactory information processing remains largely unknown. The anterior part of the piriform cortex (APC) has been the focus of cortical-level studies of olfactory coding, and associative processes have attracted considerable attention as an important part in odor discrimination and olfactory information processing. Associational connections of pyramidal cells in the guinea pig APC were studied by direct visualization of axons stained and quantitatively analyzed by intracellular biocytin injection in vivo. The observations illustrated that axon collaterals of the individual cells were widely and spatially distributed within the PC, and sometimes also showed a long associational projection to the olfactory bulb (OB). The data showed that long associational axons were both rostrally and caudally directed throughout the PC, and the intrinsic associational fibers of pyramidal cells in the APC are omnidirectional connections in the PC. Within the PC, associational axons typically followed rather linear trajectories and irregular bouton distributions. Quantitative data of the axon collaterals of two pyramidal cells in the APC showed that the average length of axonal collaterals was 101 mm, out of which 79 mm (78% of total length) were distributed in the PC. The average number of boutons was 8926 and 7101, respectively, with 79% of the total number of boutons being distributed in the PC. The percentage of the total area of the APC and the posterior piriform cortex occupied by the average distribution region of the axon collaterals of two superficial pyramidal (SP) cells was about 18 and 5%, respectively. Our results demonstrate that omnidirectional connection of pyramidal cells in the APC provides a substrate for recurrent processes. These findings indicate that the axon collaterals of SP cells in the PC could make synaptic contacts with all granule cells in the OB. This study provides the morphological evidence for understanding the mechanisms of information processing and associative memory in the APC.
Find related publications in this database (using NLM MeSH Indexing)
Animals -
Axons -
Cell Size -
Female -
Guinea Pigs -
Lysine - analogs & derivatives
Male -
Olfactory Bulb - cytology
Olfactory Pathways - cytology
Photomicrography -
Piriform Cortex - cytology
Pyramidal Cells - cytology

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Anterior piriform cortex
Olfactory cortex
Olfactory bulb
Single neurons
Axon collaterals
Neural network
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