Medizinische Universität Graz Austria/Österreich - Forschungsportal - Medical University of Graz

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SHR Neuro Krebs Kardio Lipid

Shie, FS; Neely, MD; Maezawa, I; Wu, H; Olson, SJ; Jürgens, G; Montine, KS; Montine, TJ.
Oxidized low-density lipoprotein is present in astrocytes surrounding cerebral infarcts and stimulates astrocyte interleukin-6 secretion.
Am J Pathol. 2004; 164(4):1173-1181 [OPEN ACCESS]
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Autor/innen der Med Uni Graz:
Juergens Guenther

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Number of Figures: 6
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Ischemic injury to brain is associated with both disruption of the blood-brain barrier and increased oxidative stress. Given the neurotoxicity associated with exposure to oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL) in vitro, we tested the hypothesis that oxLDL may be present in parenchymal cells of cerebrum after infarction and that oxLDL may influence the pathophysiology of cerebral infarction. Our results showed that the subacute phase of cerebral infarction in patients was characterized by the appearance of oxLDL epitopes in astrocytes, but not neurons or microglia, in the perinecrotic zone. We further demonstrated that minimally oxLDL was most effectively internalized by primary cultures of rat astrocytes, and that exposure to minimal oxLDL stimulated astrocyte interleukin-6 secretion but did not alter nitric oxide production. These results demonstrate for the first time that oxLDL is present in brain parenchyma of patients with ischemic infarction and suggest a potential mechanism by which oxLDL may activate innate immunity and thereby indirectly influence neuronal survival.
Find related publications in this database (using NLM MeSH Indexing)
Adult -
Aged -
Aged, 80 and over -
Animals -
Astrocytes - metabolism
Blotting, Western - metabolism
Brain - metabolism
Cells, Cultured - metabolism
Cerebral Infarction - physiopathology
Female - physiopathology
Humans - physiopathology
Immunohistochemistry - physiopathology
Infant - physiopathology
Interleukin-6 - secretion
Lipoproteins, LDL - metabolism
Male - metabolism
Microscopy, Confocal - metabolism
Middle Aged - metabolism
Rats - metabolism

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